Accenture (2009). Untapped potential: Stretching toward the future. International women ’s day 2009 global research results. Retrieved from https://www.in.gov/icw/files/Accenture_Research.pdf

۰۱

Aggerholm, K. (2015). Talent development, existential philosophy and sport: On becoming an elite athlete. NewYork, NY: Routledge

۰۲

Amen, D. G. (2015). Change your brain, change your life: The breakthrough program for conquering anxiety,depression, obsessiveness, lack of focus, anger, and memory problems. New York, NY: Harmony

۰۳

American Psychological Association (2015). Stress in America: Paying with our health. Retrieved from:http://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/2014/stress-report.pdf

۰۴

American Psychological Association (2016). 2016 Work and well-being survey. Retrieved from http://www.apaexcellence.org/assets/general/2016-work-and-wellbeing-survey-results.pdf

۰۵

Anderson, E., & Shivakumar, G. (2015). Effects of exercise and physical activity on anxiety. Progress in physical activity and exercise and affective and anxiety disorders: translational studies, perspectives and future directions. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 4, 27. Retrieved from http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyt.2013.0002 /7full

۰۶

Aronson, J. (1992). Women’s sense of responsibility for the care of old people: “But who else is going to do it? ”
Gender & Society, 6(1), 8.29–

۰۷

Artz, B., Goodall, A. H., & Oswald, A. J. (2016). Do women ask? IZA Discussion Papers. No. 10183. Retrieved from
https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/147869/1/dp10183.pdf

۰۸

Bandura, A. (1980). Gauging the relationship between self-efficacy judgment and action. Cognitive Therapy and
Research, 4, 263.268–

۰۹

Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37(2), 122.

۱۰

Bandura, A. (1991). Social cognitive theory of self-regulation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision
Processes, 50(2), 248.287–

۱۱

Bandura, A., & Cervone, D. (1983). Self-evaluative and self-efficacy mechanisms governing the motivational
effects of goal systems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45(5), 1017

۱۲

Barnwell, B. (2014, August 27). The it factor. Grantland. Retrieved from http://grantland.com/features/it –
factor-nfl-quarterback-intangibles

۱۳

Barrett, L. F. (2017). The theory of constructed emotion: an active inference account of interoception and
categorization. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 12(1), 1.23–

۱۴

Barrett, L. F. (2017). How emotions are made: The secret life of the brain. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin
Harcourt.

۱۵

Barrick, M. R., & Mount, M. K. (1991). The big five personality dimensions and job performance: a meta-analysis.
Personnel Psychology, 44(1).26-1 ,

۱۶

Batty, G. D., Deary, I. J., & Gottfredson, L. S. (2007). Premorbid (early life) IQ and later mortality risk: Systematic
review. Annals of Epidemiology, 17(4), 278.288–

۱۷

Baumeister, R. F. (1984). Choking under pressure: Self-conscious and paradoxical effects of incentives on skillful
performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46(3), 610.620–

۱۸

Bayer, A. E., & Folger, J. (1966). Some correlates of a citation measure of productivity in science. Sociology of
Education, 39,.390–۳۸۱

۱۹

Beck, J. S. (2011). Cognitive behavior therapy: Basics and beyond. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

۲۰

Begley, S., & Davidson, R. (2012). The emotional life of your brain: How its unique patterns affect the way you

۲۱

Begley, S., & Davidson, R. (2012). The emotional life of your brain: How its unique patterns affect the way you
think, feel, and live—and how you can change them. New York, NY: Penguin.

۲۲

Behrman, J. R. (1993). The economic rationale for investing in nutrition in developing countries. World
Development, 21(11), 1749.1771–

۲۳

Beilock, S. L., & Carr, T. H. (2001). On the fragility of skilled performance: What governs choking under pressure?
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130(4), 701.

۲۴

Benca, R. M., Obermeyer, W. H., Thisted, R. A., & Gillin, J. C. (1992). Sleep and psychiatric disorders: A metaanalysis. Archives of General Psychiatry, 49(8), 651.668–

۲۵

Berman, M. G., Jonides, J., & Kaplan, S. (2008). The cognitive benefits of interacting with nature. Psychological
Science, 19(12), 1207.1212–

۲۶

Blackwell, L., Dweck, C., & Trzesniewski, K. (2007). Achievement across the adolescent transition: A longitudinal
study and an intervention. Child Development, 78(1), 246.263–

۲۷

Blazer, D. G., & Hernandez, L. M. (Eds.). (2006). Genes, behavior, and the social environment: Moving beyond the
nature/nurture debate. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

۲۸

Bloom, B. S. (1985). The nature of the study and why it was done. In B. S. Bloom (Ed.), Developing talent in young
people (pp. 3 .)18–New York, NY: Ballantine.

۲۹

Bolman, L. G., & Deal, T. E. (2003). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice, and leadership. Hoboken, NJ: John
Wiley & Sons.

۳۰

Boggs, M., & Miller, J. (2008). Project everlasting. New York, NY: Fireside.

۳۱

Bonebright, C. A., Clay, D. L., & Ankermann, R. D. (2000). The relationship of workaholism with work-life conflict,
life satisfaction, and purpose in life. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47(4), 469.477–

۳۲

Borjas, G. J. (1990). Friends or strangers: The impact of immigrants on the US economy. New York, NY: Basic
Books.

۳۳

Bossidy, L., Charan, R., & Burck, C. (2011). Execution: The discipline of getting things done. New York, NY: Random
House.

۳۴

Botelho, E. L., Powell, K. R., Kinkaid S., Wang, D. (2017). What sets successful CEOs apart. Harvard Business
Review, May–June, 70.77–

۳۵

Brandt, R. B. (1964). The concepts of obligation and duty. Mind, 73(291), 374-393.

۳۶

Bronson, P., & Merryman, A. (2013). Top dog: The science of winning and losing. New York, NY: Random House.

۳۷

Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological wellbeing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822.

۳۸

Bryan, T., & Bryan, J. (1991). Positive mood and math performance. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 24, 490 .494–

۳۹

Burt, C. (1966). The genetic determination of differences in intelligence: A study of monozygotic twins reared
together and apart. British Journal of Psychology, 57(12), 137.153–

۴۰

Butler, A. C., Chapman, J. E., Forman, E. M., & Beck, A. T. (2006). The empirical status of cognitive -behavioral
therapy: A review of meta-analyses. Clinical Psychology Review, 26(1), 17.31–

۴۱

Aggerholm, K. (2015). Talent development, existential philosophy and sport: On becoming an elite athlete. NewYork, NY: Routledge

۴۲

Cacioppo, J. T., Fowler, J. H., & Christakis, N. A. (2009). Alone in the crowd :The structure and spread of loneliness
in a large social network. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 977.991–

۴۳

Cain, S. (2013). Quiet: The power of introverts in a world that can’t stop talking. New York, NY: Broadway Books.

۴۴

Campbell, J. D., Trapnell, P. D., Heine, S. J., Katz, I. M., Lavallee, L. F., & Lehman, D. R. (1996). Self -concept clarity:
Measurement, personality correlates, and cultural boundaries. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(1),
۱۴۱٫

۴۵

Campbell, J. D., Trapnell, P. D., Heine, S. J., Katz, I. M., Lavallee, L. F., & Lehman, D. R. (1996). Self -concept clarity:
Measurement, personality correlates, and cultural boundaries. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(1),
۱۴۱٫

۴۶

Capron, C., & Duyme, M. (1989). Assessment of the effects of socio-economic status on IQ in a full crossfostering study. Nature, 340, 552.554–

۴۷

Carter, E. C., Kofler, L. M., Forster, D. E., & McCullough, M. E. (2015). A series of meta-analytic tests of the
depletion effect: Self-control does not seem to rely on a limited resource. Journal of Experimental Psychology:
General, 144(4), 796.815–

۴۸

Caspi, A., Roberts, B. W., & Shiner, R. L. (2005). Personality development: Stability and change. Annual Review
of Psychology, 56, 453 .484–Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141913

۴۹

Castelli, D. M., Hillman, C. H., Buck, S. M., & Erwin, H. E. (2007). Physical fitness and academic achievement in thirdand fifth-grade students. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 29(2), .252–۲۳۹

۵۰

۱-Accenture (2009). Untapped potential: Stretching toward the future. International women ’s day 2009 global
research results. Retrieved from https://www.in.gov/icw/files/Accenture_Research.pdf
2-Aggerholm, K. (2015). Talent development, existential philosophy and sport: On becoming an elite athlete. New
York, NY: Routledge.
3-Amen, D. G. (2015). Change your brain, change your life: The breakthrough program for conquering anxiety,
depression, obsessiveness, lack of focus, anger, and memory problems. New York, NY: Harmony.
4-American Psychological Association (2015). Stress in America: Paying with our health. Retrieved from
http://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/2014/stress-report.pdf
5-American Psychological Association (2016). 2016 Work and well-being survey. Retrieved from
http://www.apaexcellence.org/assets/general/2016-work-and-wellbeing-survey-results.pdf
6-Anderson, E., & Shivakumar, G. (2015). Effects of exercise and physical activity on anxiety. Progress in physical
activity and exercise and affective and anxiety disorders: translational studies, perspectives and future directions.
Frontiers in Psychiatry, 4, 27. Retrieved from http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyt.2013.0002 /7full
7-Aronson, J. (1992). Women’s sense of responsibility for the care of old people: “But who else is going to do it? ”
Gender & Society, 6(1), 8.29–
۸-Artz, B., Goodall, A. H., & Oswald, A. J. (2016). Do women ask? IZA Discussion Papers. No. 10183. Retrieved from
https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/147869/1/dp10183.pdf
9-Bandura, A. (1980). Gauging the relationship between self-efficacy judgment and action. Cognitive Therapy and
Research, 4, 263.268–
۱۰-Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37(2), 122.
10-Bandura, A. (1991). Social cognitive theory of self-regulation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision
Processes, 50(2), 248.287–
۱۱-Bandura, A., & Cervone, D. (1983). Self-evaluative and self-efficacy mechanisms governing the motivational
effects of goal systems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45(5), 1017.
12-Barnwell, B. (2014, August 27). The it factor. Grantland. Retrieved from http://grantland.com/features/it –
factor-nfl-quarterback-intangibles
13-Barrett, L. F. (2017). The theory of constructed emotion: an active inference account of interoception and
categorization. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 12(1), 1.23–
۱۴-Barrett, L. F. (2017). How emotions are made: The secret life of the brain. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin
Harcourt.
15-Barrick, M. R., & Mount, M. K. (1991). The big five personality dimensions and job performance: a meta-analysis.
Personnel Psychology, 44(1).26-1 ,

15-Batty, G. D., Deary, I. J., & Gottfredson, L. S. (2007). Premorbid (early life) IQ and later mortality risk: Systematic
review. Annals of Epidemiology, 17(4), 278.288–
۱۶-Baumeister, R. F. (1984). Choking under pressure: Self-conscious and paradoxical effects of incentives on skillful
performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46(3), 610.620–
۱۷-Bayer, A. E., & Folger, J. (1966). Some correlates of a citation measure of productivity in science. Sociology of
Education, 39,.390–۳۸۱
۱۸-Beck, J. S. (2011). Cognitive behavior therapy: Basics and beyond. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
19-Begley, S., & Davidson, R. (2012). The emotional life of your brain: How its unique patterns affect the way you
think, feel, and live—and how you can change them. New York, NY: Penguin.
20-Behrman, J. R. (1993). The economic rationale for investing in nutrition in developing countries. World
Development, 21(11), 1749.1771–
۲۱-Beilock, S. L., & Carr, T. H. (2001). On the fragility of skilled performance: What governs choking under pressure?
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130(4), 701.
22-Benca, R. M., Obermeyer, W. H., Thisted, R. A., & Gillin, J. C. (1992). Sleep and psychiatric disorders: A metaanalysis. Archives of General Psychiatry, 49(8), 651.668–
۲۳-Berman, M. G., Jonides, J., & Kaplan, S. (2008). The cognitive benefits of interacting with nature. Psychological
Science, 19(12), 1207.1212–
۲۴-Blackwell, L., Dweck, C., & Trzesniewski, K. (2007). Achievement across the adolescent transition: A longitudinal
study and an intervention. Child Development, 78(1), 246.263–
۲۵-Blazer, D. G., & Hernandez, L. M. (Eds.). (2006). Genes, behavior, and the social environment: Moving beyond the
nature/nurture debate. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
26-Bloom, B. S. (1985). The nature of the study and why it was done. In B. S. Bloom (Ed.), Developing talent in young
people (pp. 3 .)18–New York, NY: Ballantine.
27-Bolman, L. G., & Deal, T. E. (2003). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice, and leadership. Hoboken, NJ: John
Wiley & Sons.
28-Boggs, M., & Miller, J. (2008). Project everlasting. New York, NY: Fireside.
29-Bonebright, C. A., Clay, D. L., & Ankermann, R. D. (2000). The relationship of workaholism with work-life conflict,
life satisfaction, and purpose in life. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47(4), 469.477–
۳۰-Borjas, G. J. (1990). Friends or strangers: The impact of immigrants on the US economy. New York, NY: Basic
Books.
31-Bossidy, L., Charan, R., & Burck, C. (2011). Execution: The discipline of getting things done. New York, NY: Random
House.
32-Botelho, E. L., Powell, K. R., Kinkaid S., Wang, D. (2017). What sets successful CEOs apart. Harvard Business
Review, May–June, 70.77–
۳۳-Brandt, R. B. (1964). The concepts of obligation and duty. Mind, 73(291), 374-393.
34-Bronson, P., & Merryman, A. (2013). Top dog: The science of winning and losing. New York, NY: Random House.
35-Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological wellbeing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822.
36-Bryan, T., & Bryan, J. (1991). Positive mood and math performance. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 24, 490 .494–
۳۷-Burt, C. (1966). The genetic determination of differences in intelligence: A study of monozygotic twins reared
together and apart. British Journal of Psychology, 57(12), 137.153–

۳۸-Butler, A. C., Chapman, J. E., Forman, E. M., & Beck, A. T. (2006). The empirical status of cognitive -behavioral
therapy: A review of meta-analyses. Clinical Psychology Review, 26(1), 17.31–
۳۹-Cacioppo, J. T., Fowler, J. H., & Christakis, N. A. (2009). Alone in the crowd :The structure and spread of loneliness
in a large social network. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 977.991–
Cain, S. (2013). Quiet: The power of introverts in a world that can’t stop talking. New York, NY: Broadway Books.
40-Campbell, J. D., Trapnell, P. D., Heine, S. J., Katz, I. M., Lavallee, L. F., & Lehman, D. R. (1996). Self -concept clarity:
Measurement, personality correlates, and cultural boundaries. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(1),
141.
Cappuccio, F. P., Taggart, F. M., Kandala, N., Currie, A., Peile, E., Stranges, S., & Miller, M. A. (2008). Meta -analysis
of short sleep duration and obesity in children and adults. SLEEP, 31(5), 619.
Capron, C., & Duyme, M. (1989). Assessment of the effects of socio-economic status on IQ in a full crossfostering study. Nature, 340, 552.554–
Carter, E. C., Kofler, L. M., Forster, D. E., & McCullough, M. E. (2015). A series of meta-analytic tests of the
depletion effect: Self-control does not seem to rely on a limited resource. Journal of Experimental Psychology:
General, 144(4), 796.815–
Caspi, A., Roberts, B. W., & Shiner, R. L. (2005). Personality development: Stability and change. Annual Review
of Psychology, 56, 453 .484–Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141913
Castelli, D. M., Hillman, C. H., Buck, S. M., & Erwin, H. E. (2007). Physical fitness and academic achievement in thirdand fifth-grade students. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 29(2), .252–۲۳۹
Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2015). Behavioral health trends in the United States: Results
from the 2014 national survey on drug use and health (HHS Publication no. SMA 15-4927, NSDUH Series H-50).
Retrieved from https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUH-FRR1-2014/NSDUH-FRR1-2014.htm
Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2016). Key substance use and mental health indicators in the
United States: Results from the 2015 national survey on drug use and health. Retrieved from
https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUH-FFR1-2015/NSDUH-FFR1-2015/NSDUH-FFR1-
2015.pdf
Cerasoli, C. P., Nicklin, J. M., & Ford, M. T. (2014). Intrinsic motivation and extrinsic incentives jointly predict
performance: A 40-year meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 140(4), 980.
Chambliss, D. F. (1989). The mundanity of excellence: An ethnographic report on stratification and Olympic
swimmers. Sociological Theory, 7(1), 70.86–
Chaouloff, F., Laude, D., & Elghozi, J. (1989). Physical exercise: Evidence for differential consequences of
tryptophan on 5-HT synthesis and metabolism in central serotonergic cell bodies and terminals. Journal of Neural
Transmission, 78(2), 1435.1463–
Chen, C., Nakagawa, S., Kitaichi, Y., An, Y., Omiya, Y., Song, N., . . . & Kusumi, I. (2016). The role of medial prefrontal
corticosterone and dopamine in the antidepressant-like effect of exercise. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 69, 1.9–
Christakis, N. A., & Fowler ,J. H. (2007). The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years. New
England Journal of Medicine, 357(4), 370 .379–doi:10.1056/NEJMsa066082
Christakis, N. A., & Fowler, J. H. (2008a). The collective dynamics of smoking in a large social network. New
England Journal of Medicine, 358, 2249 .2258–doi:10.1056/NEJMsa0706154

Christakis, N. A., & Fowler, J. H. (2008b). Dynamic spread of happiness in a large social network: Lo ngitudinal
analysis over 20 years in the Framingham Heart Study. British Medical Journal, 337(a2338), 1 .9–doi:10.1136/bmj
.a2338
Christakis, N. A., & Fowler, J. H. (2009). Connected: The surprising power of our social networks and how they
shape our lives. New York, NY: Little, Brown and Company.
Christakis, N. A., & Fowler, J. H. (2013). Social contagion theory: Examining dynamic social networks and human
behavior. Statistics in Medicine, 32(4), 556.577–
Chui, M., Manyika, J., Bughin, J., Dobbs, R., Roxburgh, C., Sarrazin, H., . . . & Westergren, M .(2012, July). The social
economy: Unlocking value and productivity through social technologies. McKinsey Global Institute.
Cialdini, R. B. (2007). Influence: The psychology of persuasion. New York, NY: Harper C ollins.
Claro, S., Paunesku, D., & Dweck, C. S. (2016). Growth mindset tempers the effects of poverty on academic
achievement. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(31), 8664.8668–
Cole, J. R., & Cole, S. (1973). Social stratification in science. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Columbia University, CASA. (2012, July). Addiction medicine: Closing the gap between science and practice.
Retrieved from www.centeronaddiction.org/download/file/fid/1177
Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R. T. (2003). Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor-Davidson Resilience
Scale (CD-RISC). Depression and Anxiety, 18, 76.82–
Cotman, C. W., & Berchtold, N. C. (2002) .Exercise: A behavioral intervention to enhance brain health and
plasticity. Trends in Neurosciences, 25(6), 295.301–
Cox, D., Hallam, R., O’Connor, K., & Rachman, S. (1983). An experimental analysis of fearlessness and courage.
British Journal of Psychology, 74, 107.117–
Coyle, D. (2009). The talent code: Greatest isn’t born. It’s grown. Here’s how. New York, NY: Bantam.
Crown, D. F., & Rosse, J. G. (1995). Yours, mine, and ours: Facilitating group productivity through the integration
of individual and group goals. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 64, 138 .150–
Crum, A. J., Salovey, P., & Achor, S. (2013). Rethinking stress: The role of mindsets in determining the stress
response. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(4), 716.
Crust, L., & Clough, P. J. (2011). Developing mental toughness: From research to practice. Journal of Sport
Psychology in Action, 2(1), 21.32–
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1975). Beyond boredom and anxiety. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1996). Creativity: Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention. New York, NY:
Harper Collins.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1997). Finding flow: The psychology of engagement with everyday life. New York, NY: Basic
Books.
Csikszentmihalyi, M., Abuhamdeh, S., & Nakamura, J. (2005). Flow. In A. Elliot (Ed.), Handbook of competence
and motivation (pp. 598 .)698–New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Csikszentmihalyi, M., & Rathunde, K. (1 .)993The measurement of flow in everyday life: Toward a theory of
emergent motivation. In J. E. Jacobs (Ed.), Developmental perspectives on motivation: Volume 40 of the Nebraska
Symposium on Motivation (pp. 57 .)97–Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.
Culture. (2016). In Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary (11th ed.) Retrieved from http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/culture

Cunningham, G. B. (2006). The relationships among commitment to change, coping with change, and turnover
intentions. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 15(1), 29.45–
Damasio, A. R. (1999). The feeling of what happens: Body and emotion in the making of consciousness. Bos ton,
MA: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Danese, A., & McEwen, B. S. (2012). Adverse childhood experiences, allostasis, allostatic load, and age -related
disease. Physiology & Behavior, 106(1), 29.39–
Danna, K., & Griffin, R. W. (1999). Health and well-being in the workplace: A review and synthesis of the literature.
Journal of Management, 25(3), 357.384–
Davidson, R. J., Jackson, D., & Kalin, N. H. (2000). Emotion, plasticity, context, and regulation: Perspectives from
affective neuroscience. Psychological Bulletin 126, 890.909–
Davis, C., Levitan ,R. D., Muglia, P., Bewell, C., & Kennedy, J. L. (2004). Decision-making deficits and overeating:
A risk model for obesity. Obesity Research, 12(6), 929.935–
Debats, D. L. (1999). Sources of meaning: An investigation of significant commitments in life. Journal of
Humanistic Psychology, 39(4), 30.57–
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2002). Handbook of self-determination research. Rochester, NY: University of
Rochester Press.
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2010). Self-determination. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Demerouti E., Bakker, A. B., Nachreiner, F., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2000). A model of burnout and life satisfaction
amongst nurses. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 32(2), 454.464–
Diener, C. I., & Dweck, C. S. (1978). An analysis of learned helplessness: Continuous changes in performance,
strategy, and achievement cognitions following failure. Personality and Social Psychology, 36(5), 451 .461–
Diener, E., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2011). Happiness: Unlocking the mysteries of psychological wealth. Hoboken, NJ:
John Wiley & Sons.
Diener, E., & Seligman, M. E. (2004). Beyond money: Toward an economy of well-being. Psychological Science in
the Public Interest, 5(1), 1.31–
Diener, E. D., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality
Assessment, 49(1), 71.75–
Doidge, N. (2007). The brain that changes itself: Stories of personal triumph from the frontiers of brain science.
New York, NY: Penguin.
Doll, J., & Mayr, U. (1987). Intelligenz und schachleistung –Eine untersuchung an schachexperten [Intelligence and
performance in chess –A study of chess experts]. Psychologische Beitr
äge, 29, 270.289–
Drennan, D. (1992). Transforming company culture: Getting your company from where you are now to where you
want to be. London, UK: McGraw-Hill.
Dubnick, M. (2005). Accountability and the promise of performance: In search of the mechanisms. Public
Performance & Management Review, 28(3), 376.417–
Duckworth, A. L. (2016). Grit: The power of passion and perseverance. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.
Duckworth, A. L., Eichstaedt, J. C., & Ungar, L. H. (2015). The mechanics of human achievement. Social and
Personality Psychology Compass, 9(7), 359.369–
Duckworth, A. L., Grant, H., Loew, B., Oettingen, G. & ,Gollwitzer, P. M. (2011a). Self-regulation strategies
improve self-discipline in adolescents: Benefits of mental contrasting and implementation intentions. Educational
Psychology, 31(1), 17.26–

Duckworth, A. L., Kirby, T. A., Tsukayama, E., Berstein, H., & Ericsson, K. A. (2011b). Deliberate practice spells
success: Why grittier competitors triumph at the National Spelling Bee. Social Psychological and Personality Science,
2(2), 174.181–
Duckworth, A. L., Peterson, C., Matthews, M. D., & Kelly, D. R. (2007). Grit: Perseverance and passion for longterm goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 1087.
Duff, D. C. (2010). The relationship between behavioral intention, self-efficacy and health behavior: A metaanalysis of meta-analyses. East Lansing: MI: Michigan State University Press.
Dunlap, E., Golub, A., Johnson, B. D., & Benoit, E. (2009). Normalization of violence: Experiences of childhood
abuse by inner-city crack users. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, .34–۱۵ ,)۱(۸
Dweck, C. S. (2008). Mindset: The new psychology of success. New York, NY: Random House.
Dweck, C. S. (2014). The power of believing that you can improve [Video file]. Retrieved from
https://www.ted.com/talks/carol_dweck_the_power_of_believing_that_you_can_improve?language=en#t-
386248
Dweck, C. S., & Leggett, E. L. (1988). A social-cognitive approach to motivation and personality. Psychological
Review, 95(2), 256.273–
Dweck, C. S., & Reppucci, N. D. (1973). Learned helplessness and reinforcement responsibilit y in children. Journal
of Personality and Social Psychology, 25(1), 109.116–
Easterlin, R. A., McVey, L. A., Switek, M., Sawangfa, O., & Zweig, J. S. (2010). The happiness -income paradox
revisited. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(52), 22463.22468–
Elkind, D. (2007). The power of play: How spontaneous imaginative activities lead to happier, healthier children.
Da Capo Press.
Elliott, E. S., & Dweck, C. S. (1988). Goals: An approach to motivation and achievement. Journal of Personality
and Social Psychology, 54(1), 5.13–
Emmons, R. A. (2000). Is spirituality an intelligence? Motivation, cognition, and the psychology of ultimate
concern. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 10(1), 3.26–
Emmons, R. A. (2007). Thanks!: How the new science of gratitude can make you happier. Boston, MA: Houghton
Mifflin Harcourt.
Ericsson, K. A. (2006). The influence of experience and deliberate practice on the development of superior expert
performance. In K. A. Ericsson, N. Charness, P. J. Feltovich, & R. R. Hoffman (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of expertise
and expert performance (pp. 685 .)706–Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Ericsson, K. A. (2014). Why expert performance is special and cannot be extrapolated from studies of
performance in the general population: A response to criticisms. Intelligence, 45, 81.103–
Ericsson, K. A., & Pool, R. (2016a). Peak: Secrets from the new science of expertise .New York, NY: Houghton
Mifflin Harcourt.
Ericsson, K. A., & Pool, R. (2016b, April 10). Malcolm Gladwell got us wrong: Our research was key to the 10,000-
hour rule, but here’s what got oversimplified. Retrieved from http://bit.ly/1S3LiCK
Ericsson, K. A., & Pool, R. (2016c, April 21). Not all practice makes perfect: Moving from naive to purposeful
practice can dramatically increase performance. Retrieved from http://nautil.us/issue/35/boundaries/not -allpractice-makes-perfect
Ericsson, K .A., Krampe, R. T., & Tesch-Romer, C. (1993). The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of expert
performance. Psychological Review, 100(3), 363.406–

Feinberg, J. (1966). Duties, rights, and claims. American Philosophical Quarterly, 3(2), .144–۱۳۷
Felitti, V. J., Anda, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A. M., Edwards, V., . . . & Marks , J. S. (1998).
Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: The
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 14(4), 245 .258–
Flynn, F. J., & Bohns, V. K. (2012). Underestimating one’s influence in help-seeking. In D. T. Kenrick, N. J. Goldstein,
& S. L. Braver (Eds.) Six degrees of social influence: Science, application, and the psychology of Robert Cialdini (pp.
14 .)26–Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Flynn, J. R. (1987). Massive IQ gains in 14 nations: What IQ tests really measure. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 1.191–۷۱
Flynn, J. R. (2012). Are we getting smarter? Rising IQ in the Twenty-first Century. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge
University Press.
Flynn, J. R., & Rossi-Cas
é ,L. (2012). IQ gains in Argentina between 1964 and 1998. Intelligence, 40(2), 14 .150–۵
Foley, T. E., & Fleshner, M. (2008). Neuroplasticity of dopamine circuits after exercise: Implications for central
fatigue. Neuromolecular Medicine, 10(2), 67.80–
Forward, J., & Zander, A. (1971). Choice of unattainable group goals and effects on performance. Organizational
Behavior and Human Performance, 6(2), 184.199–
Fowler, J. H., & Christakis, N. A. (2010). Cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks. Proceedings
of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(12), 5334 .5338–doi:10.1073/pnas.0913149107
Fredrickson, B. (2004). The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. Philosophical Transactions of the
Royal Society B, 359(1449), 1367.1378–
Frink, D. D., & Ferris, G. R. (1998). Accountability, impression management, and goal setting in the performance
evaluation process. Human relations, 51(10), 1259.1283–
Frost, R. O., & Henderson, K. J. (1991). Perfectionism and reactions to athletic competition. Journal of Sport and
Exercise Psychology, 13, 323.335–
Fuligni, A. J. (2001). Family obligation and the academic motivation of adolescents from Asian, Latin American,
and European backgrounds. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2001(94), 61.76–
Gagn
é ,F. (1985). Giftedness and talent: Reexamining a reexamination of the definitions. Gifted Child Quarterly,
29(3), 103.112–
Gandy, W. M., Coberley, C., Pope, J. E., Wells, A., & Rula, E. Y. (2014). Comparing the contributions of we ll-being
and disease status to employee productivity. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 56 .257–۲۵۲ ,)۳(
Garrett, G., Benden, M., Mehta, R., Pickens, A., Peres, C., & Zhao, H. (2016). Call center productivity over 6 months
following a standing desk intervention. IIE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors, 4(23), 188 –
.۱۹۵
Gentry, W. A., Gilmore, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., & Leslie, J. B. (2012). Political skill as an indicator of promotability
among multiple rater sources. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 33(1), 89.104–
Ghaemi, N. (2011). A first-rate madness: Uncovering the links between leadership and mental illness. New York,
NY: Penguin.
Ghosh, S., Laxmi, T. R., & Chattarji, S. (2013). Functional connectivity from the a mygdala to the hippocampus
grows stronger after stress. Journal of Neuroscience, 33.7244–۷۲۳۴ ,)۱۷(
Gil, E. (2012). The healing power of play: Working with abused children. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Giorgi, S., Lockwood, C., & Glynn, M. A. (2015). The many faces of culture: Making sense of 30 years of research
on culture in organization studies. Academy of Management Annals, 9(1), 1.54–

Goleman, D. (1998). Working with emotional intelligence. New York, NY: Bantam. Goleman, D. (2007). Social
intelligence. New York, NY: Random House.
Goleman, D., Boyatzis, R., & McKee, A. (2001). Primal leadership: The hidden driver of great performance. Harvard
Business Review, 79(11), 42.53–
Goleman, D., Boyatzis, R., & McKee, A. (2013). Primal leadership: Unleashing the power of emotional intelligence.
Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press.
Gollwitzer, P. M. (1999). Implementation intentions: Strong effects of simple plans. American Psychologist, 54(7),
493.
Gollwitzer, P. M., & Brandst
ätter, V. (1997). Implementation intentions and effective goal pursuit. Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology, 73(1), 186.
Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2016). Planning promotes goal striving. In K. D. Vohs & R. F. Baumeister (Eds.),
Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (3rd ed., pp. 223 .)244–New York, NY: Guilford.
Gottfredson, L. S. (1997). Why g matters: The complexity of everyday life. Intelligence, 24(1), 79 .132–
Gottfredson, L. S. (1998, Winter). The general intelligence factor. The Scientific American Presents, 9(4), 2.29–۴
Gottman, J., & Silver, N. (1995). Why marriages succeed or fail: And how you can make yours last. New York, NY:
Simon and Schuster.
Gottman, J., & Silver, N. (2015). The seven principles for making marriage work: A practical gui de from the
country’s foremost relationship expert. New York, NY: Harmony.
Gould, S. J. (1996). The mismeasure of man. New York, NY: W. W. Norton.
Grabner, R. H., Stern, E., & Neubauer, A. C. (2007). Individual differences in chess expertise: A psychometri c
investigation. Acta Psychologica, 124(3), 398.420–
Grant, A. (2013). Give and take: Why helping others drives our success. New York, NY: Penguin.
Grant, A. M., & Gino, F. (2010). A little thanks goes a long way: Explaining why gratitude expressions motiv ate
prosocial behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(6), 946.955–
Grawitch, M. J., Gottschalk, M., & Munz, D. C. (2006). The path to a healthy workplace: A critical review linking
healthy workplace practices, employee well-being, and organizational improvements. Consulting Psychology
Journal: Practice and Research, 58(3), 129.
Grossman, P., Niemann, L., Schmidt, S., & Walach, H. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health
benefits: A meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57(1), 35.43–
Grugulis, I., Holmes, C., & Mayhew, K. (2017). The economic and social benefits of skills. In J. Buchanan, D. Finegold,
K. Mayhew, & C. Warhurst (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Skills and Training (p. 372 .)Oxford, UK: Oxford University
Press.
Grzegorek, J., Slaney, R. B., Franze, S., & Rice, K. G. (2004). Self-criticism, dependency, self-esteem, and grade
point average satisfaction among clusters of perfectionists and nonperfectionists. Journal of Counseling
Psychology, 51, 192 .200–doi:10.1037/0022-0167.51.2.192
Haeffel, G. J., & Hames, J. L. (2013). Cognitive vulnerability to depression can be contagious. Clinical Psychological
Science, 2(1), 75.85–
Hampson, S. E., & Goldberg, L. R. (20 .)06A first large cohort study of personality trait stability over the 40 years
between elementary school and midlife. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91(4), 763.
Hanson, R. (2013). Hardwiring happiness: The new brain science of contentment, calm, and confidence. New York,
NY: Harmony.

Harkin, B., Webb, T. L., Chang, B. P., Prestwich, A., Conner, M., Kellar, I., & Sheeran, P. (2016). Does monitoring goal
progress promote goal attainment? A meta-analysis of the experimental evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 142(2),
198.
Harris, M. A., Brett, C. E., Johnson, W., & Deary, I. J. (2016). Personality stability from age 14 to age 77 years.
Psychology and Aging, 31(8), 862.
Hart, B., & Risley, T. R. (2003). The early catastrophe: The 30 million word gap by age 3. American Educator, 27(1),
4-9.
Harter, J. K., Schmidt, F. L., & Keyes, C. L. (2003). Well-being in the workplace and its relationship to business
outcomes: A review of the Gallup studies. Flourishing: Positive Psychology and the Life Well-Lived, 2, 205.224–
Hasenkamp, W., & Barsalou, L. W. (2012). Effects of meditation experience on functional connectivity of
distributed brain networks. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 38.
Heatherton, T. F., & Weinberger, J. L. E. (1994). Can personality change? Washington, DC: American
Psychological Association.
Hefferon, K., Grealy, M., & Mutrie, N. (2009). Post-traumatic growth and life threatening physical illness: A
systematic review of the qualitative literature. British Journal of Health Psychology, 14(2), 343 .378–
Heilman, M. E., & Wallen, A. S. (2010). Wimpy and undeserving of respect: Penalties for men’s gender-inconsistent
success. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(4), 664.667–
Hertenstein, M. J., Holmes, R., McCullough, M., & Keltner, D. (2009). The communication of emotion via touch.
Emotion, 9(4), 566.
Herzberg, F., Mausner, B., & Snyderman, B. (1969). The motivation to work. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Hewitt, P. L & ,.Flett, G. L. (2002). Perfectionism and stress in psychopathology. In G. L. Flett & P. L. Hewitt
(Eds.), Perfectionism: Theory, research, and treatment (pp. 255 .)284–Washington, DC: American Psychological
Association.
Hoddinott, J., Maluccio, J .A., Behrman, J. R., Flores, R., & Martorell, R. (2008). Effect of a nutrition intervention
during early childhood on economic productivity in Guatemalan adults. The Lancet, 371(9610), 411.416–
Horan, R. (2009). The neuropsychological connection between creativity and meditation. Creativity Research
Journal, 21(23), 199.222–
Howe, M. J., Davidson, J. W., & Sloboda, J. A. (1998). Innate talents: Reality or myth? Behavioral and Brain
Sciences, 21(3), 399.407–
Hume, D. (1970). Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of morals:
Reprinted from the posthumous edition of 1777. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.
Humphreys, M. S., & Revelle, W. (1984). Personality, motivation, and performance: A theory of the relationship
between individual differences and information processing. Psychological Review, 91(2), 153.
Hyde, J. S. (2005). The gender similarities hypothesis. American Psychologist, 60(6), 581.592–
Immordino-Yang, M. H., Christodoulou, J. A., & Singh, V. (2012). Rest is not idleness: Implications of the brain ’s
default mode for human development and education. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(4), 352.364–
Isen, A. M., & Levin, P. F. (1972). Effect of feeling good on helping: Cookies and kindness. Journal of Personality
and Social Psychology 21(3), 384.388–
Isen, A. M., Clark, M., & Schwartz, M. F. (1976). Duration of the effect of good mood on helping: “Footprints on the
sands of time. ”Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 34(3), 385.393–

Isen, A. M., Rosenzweig, A. S., & Young, M. J. (1991). The influence of positive affect on clinical problem solving.
Medical Decision Making, 11(3), 221.227–
Isovich, E., Mijnster, M. J., Fl
ügge, G., & Fuchs, E. (2000). Chronic psychosocial stress reduces the density of
dopamine transporters. European Journal of Neuroscience, 12(3), 1071.1078–
Issa, G., Wilson, C., Terry, A. V., & Pillai, A. (2010). An inverse relationship between cortisol and BDNF levels in
schizophrenia: Data from human postmortem and animal studies. Neurobiology of Disease, 39(3), 327 .333–
Jacobs, B. L. (1994). Serotonin, motor activity and depression-related disorders. American Scientist, 82(5), 456-
463.
Jacobs, B. L., & Azmitia, E. C. (1992). Structure and function of the brain serotonin system. Physiol Rev, 72(1), 165 –
229.
Jain, S., Shapiro, S. L., Swanick, S., Roesch, S. C., Mills, P. J., Bell, I., & Schwartz, G. E. (2007). A randomiz ed
controlled trial of mindfulness meditation versus relaxation training: Effects on distress, positive states of mind,
rumination, and distraction. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 33(1), 11.21–
Jecker, J., & Landy, D. (1969). Liking a person as a function of doing him a favour. Human Relations, 22(4), 371.378–
Jensen, A. (1969). How much can we boost IQ and scholastic achievement? Harvard Educational Review, 39(1), 1 –
.۱۲۳
Jensen, A. R. (1982). Reaction time and psychometric g. In H. J. Eysenk (Ed.) ,A model for intelligence (pp. 93 .)132–
Berlin, Germany: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Judge, T. A., Thoresen, C. J., Bono, J. E., & Patton, G. K. (2001). The job satisfaction–job performance relationship:
A qualitative and quantitative review. Psychological Bulletin, 127(3), 376.407–
Jung, R. E., Mead, B. S., Carrasco, J., & Flores, R. A. (2013). The structure of creative cognition in the human brain.
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 330.
Kahneman, D., & Deaton, A. (2010). High income improves evaluation of life but not emotional well-being.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(38), 16489.16493–
Kant, I. (1997). Lectures on ethics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Kanter, R. M. (1999). The enduring skills of change leaders. Leader to Leader, 1999(13), 15.22–
Kashdan, T. (2017, April 13). How I learned about the perils of grit: Rethinking simple explanations for complicated
problems. Psychology Today. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/curious/201704/how -ilearned-about-the-perils-grit
Kaufman, S. (2015). Ungifted: Intelligence redefined. New York, NY: Basic Books.
Kaufman, S. B., Quilty, L. C. ,Grazioplene, R. G., Hirsh, J. B., Gray, J. R., Peterson, J. B., & DeYoung, C. G. (2015).
Openness to experience and intellect differentially predict creative achievement in the arts and sciences. Journal of
Personality, 82, 248.258–
King, L., & Hicks, J. (2009). Detecting and constructing meaning in life events. Journal of Positive Psychology,
4(5), 317.330–
Kleinginna, P. R., & Kleinginna, A. M. (1981). A categorized list of emotion definitions, with suggestions for a
consensual definition. Motivation and Emotion, 5(4), 345.379–
Koball, H. L., Moiduddin, E., Henderson, J., Goesling, B., & Besculides, M. (2010). What do we know about t he link
between marriage and health? Journal of Family Issues 31(8): 1019.1040–
Koblin, J. (201 ,6June 30). How much do we love TV? Let us count the ways. The New York Times. Retrieved from
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/01/business/media/nielsen-survey-media-viewing.html

Koestner, R., Losier, G. F., Vallerand, R. J., & Carducci, D. (1996). Identified and introjected forms of political
internalization: Extending self-determination theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(5), 1025.
Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. (2011). Credibility: How leaders gain and lose it, why people demand it. Hoboken, NJ:
John Wiley & Sons.
Kramer, A. F., & Hillman, C. H. (2006). Aging, physical activity, and neurocognitive function. In E. Acevado & P.
Ekkekakis (Eds.), Psychobiology of exercise and sport (pp. 45 .)59–Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Kristof, N. (2016, October 28). 3 TVs and no food: Growing up poor in America. The New York Times. Retrieved

from
america.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/30/opinion/sunday/3-tvs-and-no-food-growing-up-poor-in

Kross, E., Bruehlman-Senecal, E. ,Park, J., Burson, A., Dougherty, A., Shablack, H., . . . & Ayduk, O. (2014). Selftalk as a regulatory mechanism: How you do it matters. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106(2), 304.
Kruse, E., Chancellor, J., Ruberton, P. M., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2014). An upward spiral between gratitude and
humility. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5(7), 805.814–
Ladd, H. A., & Fiske, E. B. (Eds.). (2015). Handbook of Research in Education Finance and Policy (2nd ed.). New
York, NY: Routledge.
Lambert, N. M., Stillman, T. F., Baumeister, R. F., Fincham, F. D., Hicks, J. A., & Graham, S. M. (2010). Family as a
salient source of meaning in young adulthood. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5(5), 367.376–
Lang, P. J. (2010). Emotion and motivation: Toward consensus definitions and a common research purpose.
Emotion Review, 6(2), 93.99–
Lavie, N. (2010). Attention, distraction, and cognitive control under load. Current Direction s in Psychological
Science, 19(3), 143.148–
Law, K. S., Wong, C. S., Huang, G. H., & Li, X. (2008). The effects of emotional intelligence on job performance
and life satisfaction for the research and development scientists in China. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 25(1),
51.69–
Lee, T. (2016, October 20). The city: prison’s grip on the black family: The spirals of poverty and mass incarceration
upend urban communities. MSNBC. Retrieved from http://www.nbcnews.com/specials/geographyofpoverty -bigcity
Lemonick, M. D. (2005 ,January 9). The biology of joy: Scientists know plenty about depression. Now they are
starting to understand the roots of positive emotions. TIME: Special Mind and Body Issue. Retrieved from
http://bit.ly/2mPoVcG
Lerner, J. S., & Tetlock, P. E. (1999 .)Accounting for the effects of accountability. Psychological Bulletin, 125(2),
255.
Leroy, S. (2009). Why is it so hard to do my work? The challenge of attention residue when switching between
work tasks. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 109(2), 168.181–
Levitin, D. J. (2014). The organized mind: Thinking straight in the age of information overload. New York, NY:
Penguin.
Lewis, K., Lange, D., & Gillis, L. (2005). Transactive memory systems, learning, and learning transfer. Organization
Science, 16(6), 581.598–
Lewis, M., Haviland-Jones, J. M., & Barrett, L. F. (Eds.). (2010). Handbook of emotions. New York, NY: Guilford
Press.

LexisNexis (2010, October 20). New survey reveals extent, impact of information overload on wor kers; from
Boston to Beijing, professionals feel overwhelmed, demoralized. [News release]. Retrieved from
http://www.lexisnexis.com/en-us/about-us/media/press-release.page?id=128751276114739
Linley, P. A., & Joseph, S. (2004). Positive change following trauma and adversity: A review. Journal of Traumatic
Stress, 17(1), 11.21–
Lipari, R. N., Park-Lee, E., & Van Horn, S. (2016, September 29). America’s need for and receipt of substance use
treatment in 2015. (The CBHSQ Report.) Retrieved from Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
Administration website: http://bit.ly/2mPrRGl
Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1990). A theory of goal setting and task performance. Englewood Cliffs, NJ:
Prentice-Hall.
Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (2002). Building a practically useful theory of goal setting and task motivation: A
35-year odyssey. American Psychologist, 57(9), 705.
Lykken, D. (2000). Happiness: The nature and nurture of joy and contentment. New York, NY: Picador.
Lyubomirsky, S., King, L., & Diener, E. (2005). The benefits of frequent positive affect: Does happiness lead to
success? Psychological Bulletin, 131(6), 803.855–
MacKenzie, M. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2014 .)Meaning in life: Nature, needs, and myths. In P. Russo-Netzer & A.
Batthyany (Eds.), Meaning in positive and existential psychology (pp. 25 .)37–New York, NY: Springer.
Macmillan, T., & Rachman, S. (1988). Fearlessness and courage in paratroopers undergoing training. Personality
and Individual Differences, 9, 373 .378–doi:10.1016/0191-8869(88)90100-6
Macnamara, B. N., Hambrick, D. Z., & Oswald, F. L. (2014). Deliberate practice and performance in music, games,
sports, education, and professions: A meta-analysis. Psychological Science, 25(8), 1608.1618–
Mahncke, H. W., Connor, B. B., Appelman, J., Ahsanuddin, O. N., Hardy, J. L., Wood, R. A., . . . & Merzenich, M. M.
(2006). Memory enhancement in healthy older adults using a brain plasticity based training program: A randomized,
controlled study. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103(33), 12523.12528–
Marano, H. E. (1999). The power of play. Psychology Today, 32(4), 36.
Mark, G., Gonzalez, V. M., & Harris, J. ( ,2005April). No task left behind? Examining the nature of fragmented
work. Paper presented at the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Portland, OR.
Markman, K. D., Proulx, T. E., & Lindberg, M. J. (2013). The psychology of meaning. Washington, DC: American
Psychological Association.
Marquardt, M. J. (2011). Leading with questions: How leaders find the right solutions by knowing what to ask.
Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Martela, F., & Steger, M. F. (2016). The three meanings of meaning in life: Distinguishing coherence, purpose, and
significance. Journal of Positive Psychology, 11(5), 531.545–
Masicampo, E. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2011). Consider it done! Plan making can eliminate the cognitive effects of
unfulfilled goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(4), 667.
Maslow, A. (1962). Towards a psychology of being. Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand.
Maslow, A. (1971). The farther reaches of human nature. New York, NY: Viking Press.
McAdams, D. P. (199 .)4Can personality change? Levels of stability and growth in personality across the life span.
In D. P. McAdams, J. L. Weinberger, & J. Lee (Eds.), Can personality change? (pp. 299 .)313–Washington, DC:
American Psychological Association.

McCrory, M. A., Suen, V. M., & Roberts, S. B. (2002). Biobehavioral influences on energy intake and adult weight
gain. Journal of Nutrition, 132(12), 3830S3834–S.
McDermott, R., Fowler, J., & Christakis, N. (2013). Breaking up is hard to do, unless everyone else is doing it too:
Social network effects on divorce in a longitudinal sample. Social Forces, 92(2), 491.
Mednick, S. C., Christakis, N. A., & Fowler J. H. (2010). The spread of sleep loss influences drug use in adolescent
social networks. Public Library of Science One, 5(3), e9775.
Merzenich, M. M. (2013). Soft-wired: How the new science of brain plasticity can change your life. San Francisco,
CA: Parnassus.
Michaels, E., Handfield-Jones, H., & Axelrod, B. (2001). The war for talent. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press.
Miller, G. E., & Wrosch, C. (2007). You’ve gotta know when to fold ’em: Goal disengagement and systemic
inflammation in adolescence. Psychological Science, 18(9), 773.777–
Miller, J. (2016). The well-being and productivity link: A significant opportunity for research-into-practice.
Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, 3(3), 289311.
Miller, J. J., Fletcher, K., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (1995). Three-year follow-up and clinical implications of a mindfulness
meditation-based stress reduction intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders. General Hospital Psychiatry,
17(3), 192.200–
Morgeson, F. P., Campion, M. A., Dipboye, R. L., Hollenbeck, J. R., Murphy, K., & Schmitt, N .)2007( .Are we getting
fooled again? Coming to terms with limitations in the use of personality tests for personnel selection. Personnel
Psychology, 60(4), 1029-1049.
Munyon, T. P., Summers, J. K., Thompson, K. M., & Ferris, G. R. (2015). Political skill and work outcomes: A
theoretical extension, meta-analytic investigation, and agenda for the future. Personnel Psychology, 68(1), 143.184–
Nanus, B. (1992). Visionary leadership: Creating a compelling sense of direction for your organization. San
Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (2012). Principles of drug addiction treatment: A research-based guide (3rd ed.).
Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/principles-drug-addiction-treatment-research-basedguide-third-edition/preface
Newport, C. (2016). Deep work: Rules for focused success in a distracted world. New York, NY: Hachette.
Nickerson, R. S. (1998). Confirmation bias: A ubiquitous phenomenon in many guises. Review of General
Psychology, 2(2).220–۱۷۵ ,
Nisbett, R. E. (2009). Intelligence and how to get it: Why schools and cultures count. New York, NY: W. W.
Norton.
Nisbett, R. E., Aronson, J., Blair, C., Dickens, W., Flynn, J., Halpern, D. F., & Turkheimer, E. (2012). Intelligence: New
findings and theoretical developments. American Psychologist, 67(2), 130.
Norton, P. J., & Weiss, B. J. (2009). The role of courage on behavioral approach in a fear -eliciting situation: A
proof-of-concept pilot study. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, .217–۲۱۲ ,)۲(۲۳
Nu
ñez, M. (2015, June 18). Does money buy happiness? The link between salary and employee satisfaction. [Web
log post]. Retrieved from https://www.glassdoor.com/research/does-money-buy-happiness-the-link-betweensalary-and-employee-satisfaction/
O’Boyle, E. (2016). Does culture matter in economic behaviour? Social and Education History, 5(1), 52 .82–
doi:10.17583/hse.2016.1796

Oettingen, G., Pak, H. J., & Schnetter, K. (2001). Self-regulation of goal-setting: Turning free fantasies about the
future into binding goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(5), 736.
Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Fryar, C. D., & Flegal, K. M. (2015). Prevalence of obesity among adults and youth:
United States, 2011 .2014–National Center for Health Statistics Data Brief, 219, 1 .8–Retrieved from
http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.acutept.org/resource/resmgr/Critical_EdgEmail/0216-prevalence-ofobesity.pdf
Pachucki, M. A., Jacques, P. F., & Christakis, N. A. (2011). Social network concordance in food choice among
spouses, friends, and siblings. American Journal of Public Health, 101(11), 2170.2177–
Penninx, B. W., Rejeski, W. J., Pandya, J., Miller, M. E., Di Bari, M., Applegate, W. B., & Pahor, M. (2002). Exercise
and depressive symptoms: A comparison of aerobic and resistance exercise effects on emotional and physical
function in older persons with high and low depressive symptomatology. Journals of Gerontology Series B:
Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 57(2), P124–P132.
Pilcher, J. J., & Huffcutt, A. J. (1996). Effects of sleep deprivation on performance: A meta-analysis. Sleep:
Journal of Sleep Research & Sleep Medicine, 19(4), 318.326–
Pink, D. H. (2011). Drive: The surprising truth about what motivates us. New York, NY: Penguin.
Plomin, R., & Deary, I. J. (2015). Genetics and intelligence differences: Five special findings. Molecular Psychiatry,
20(1), 98.108–
Pury, C. L., & Hensel, A. D. (2010). Are courageous actions successful actions? Journal of Positive Psychology,
5(1), 62.72–
Pury, C. L., & Kowalski, R. M. (2007). Human strengths, courageous actions, and general and personal courage.
The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2(2), 120-128.
Pury, C. L., & Lopez, S. J. (Eds.). (2010). The psychology of courage: Modern research on an ancient virtue.
Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Pury, C. L., & Starkey, C. B. (2010). Is courage an accolade or a process? A fundamental question for courage
research. In Pury, C. L., & Lopez, S. J. (Eds.), The psychology of courage: Modern research on an ancie nt virtue (pp.
67 .)87–Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Pury, C. L., Kowalski, R. M., & Spearman, J. (2007). Distinctions between general and personal courage. The
Journal of Positive Psychology, 2(2), 99-114.
Pury, C. L., Starkey, C. B., Kulik, R. E., Skjerning, K. L., & Sullivan, E. A. (2015). Is courage always a virtue? Suicide,
killing, and bad courage. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 10(5), 383.388–
Quoidbach, J., Dunn, E. W., Petrides, K. V., & Mikolajczak, M. (2010). Money give th, money taketh away: The dual
effect of wealth on happiness. Psychological Science, 21(6), 759.763–
Rachman, S. (1990). Fear and courage (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Freeman.
Rachman, S. J. (2010). Courage: A psychological perspective. In C. L. Pury & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), The psychology
of courage: Modern research on an ancient virtue (pp. 91 .)107–Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Rate, C. R., Clarke, J. A., Lindsay, D. R., & Sternberg, R. J. (2007). Implicit theories of courage. Journal of Positive
Psychology, 2(2), 80.98–
Ratey, J. J., & Hagerman, E. (2008). Spark: The revolutionary new science of exercise and the brain. New York,
NY: Little, Brown and Company.
Regan, D. T. (1971). Effects of a favor and liking on compliance. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 7(6),
627.639–

Reivich, K., & Shatté ,A. (2002). The resilience factor: 7 essential skills for overcoming life’s inevitable obstacles.
New York, NY: Broadway Books.
Rethorst, C. D., Wipfli, B. M., & Landers, D. M. (2009). The antidepressive effects of exercise. Sports Medicine,
39(6), 491.511–
Rice, K. G., & Ashby, J. S. (2007). An efficient method for classifying perfectionists. Journal of Counseling
Psychology, 54, 72 .85–doi:10.1037/00220167.54.1.72
Rice, K. G., Bair, C., Castro, J., Cohen, B., & Hood, C. (2003). Meanings of perfectionism: A quantitative and
qualitative analysis. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 17, 39 .58–doi:10.1521/jscp.2005.24.4.580
Roberts, B. W., Luo, J., Brile, D. A., Chow, P. I., Su, R., & Hill P. L. (2017). A systematic review of personality trait
change through intervention. Psychological Bulletin, 143(2), 117.141–
Roe, A. (1953a). The making of a scientist. New York: Dodd, Mead.
Roe, A. (1953b). A psychological study of eminent psychologists and anthropologists, and a comparison with
biological and physical scientists. Psychological Monographs: General and Applied, 67(2), 1.
Rosenquist, J. N., Fowler, J. H., & Christakis, N. A. (2011). Social network determinants of depression. Molecular
Psychiatry, 16(3), 273.281–
Rosso, B. D., Dekas, K. H., & Wrzesniewski, A. (2010). On the meaning of work: A theoretical integration and
review. Research in Organizational Behavior, 30, 91.127–
Rozin, P., & Royzman, E. B. (2001). Negativity bias, negativity dominance, and contagion. Personality and Social
Psychology Review, 5(4), 296.320–
Ruff, G., & Korchin, S. (1964). Psychological responses of the Mercury astronauts to stress. In G. Grosser, H.
Wechsler, M. Greenblatt (Eds.), The threat of impending disaster (pp 46 .)57–Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Rummler, G. A., & Brache, A. P. (1995). Improving performance: How to manage the white space on the
organization chart (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Rushton, J. P., & Jensen, A. R. (2010). Race and IQ: A theory-based review of the research in Richard Nisbett’s
Intelligence and How to Get It. Open Psychology Journal, 3(1), 9.35–
Ruthsatz, J., Detterman, D. K., Griscom, W. S., & Cirullo, B. A. (2008). Becoming an expert in the musical domain:
It takes more than just practice. Intelligence, 36(4), 330.338–
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000a). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations: Classic definitions and new directions.
Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25(1), 54.67–
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000b). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social
development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55(1),.68
Ryff, C. D., & Singer, B. (1998). The contours of positive human health. Psychological Inquiry, 9(1), 1 .28–
Safire, W. (2004). Lend me your ears: Great speeches in history. New York: NY: W.W. Norton & Company.
Samuels, C. (2009). Sleep, recovery, and performance: the new frontier in high-performance athletics. Physical
Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, 20(1), 149.159–
Savitsky, K., Epley, N., & Gilovich, T. (2001). Is it as bad as we fear? Overestimating the extremity of others ’
judgments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81(1), 44.56–
Schein, Edgar H. (2010). Organizational culture and leadership (4th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Schimel, J., Arndt, J., Banko, K. M., & Cook, A. (2004). Not all self-affirmations were created equal: The cognitive
and social benefits of affirming the intrinsic (vs. extrinsic) self. Social Cognition, 22(1: Spec ial Issue), 75.99–

Schirmer, A., Teh, K. S., Wang, S., Vijayakumar, R., Ching ,A., Nithianantham, D., . . . & Cheok, A. D. (2011). Squeeze
me, but don’t tease me: Human and mechanical touch enhance visual attention and emotion discrimination. Social
Neuroscience, 6(3), 219.230–
Schwartz, T., & McCarthy, C. (2007). Manage your energy, not your time. Harvard Business Review, 85(10), 63.
Scott, G., Leritz, L. E., & Mumford, M. D. (2004). The effectiveness of creativity training: A quantitative review.
Creativity Research Journal, 16(4), 361.388–
Sedlmeier, P., Eberth, J., Schwarz, M., Zimmermann, D., Haarig, F., Jaeger, S., & Kunze, S. (2012). The psychological
effects of meditation: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 138(6), 1139.
Seidman, D. (2011). How: Why how we do anything means everything. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Seligman, M. E., Steen, T. A., Park, N., & Peterson, C. (2005). Positive psychology progress: Empirical validation
of interventions. American Psychologist, 60(5), 410.
Seligman, M. E. P. (1990). Learned optimism: The skill to conquer life’s obstacles, large and small. New York, NY:
Pocket Books.
Seligman, M. E. P. (2012). Flourish: A visionary new understanding of happiness and well -being. New York, NY:
Simon and Schuster.
Sen
écal, C., Koestner, R., & Vallerand, R. J. (1995). Self-regulation and academic procrastination. Journal of Social
Psychology, 135(5), 607.619–
Seppala, E., & Cameron, K. (2015, December 1). Proof that positive work cultures are more productive. Harvard
Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/2015/12/proof-that-positive-work-cultures-are-moreproductive
Sgroi, D. (2015). Happiness and productivity: Understanding the happy-productive worker. (SMF-CAGE Global
Perspectives Series Paper 4.) Retrieved from Social Market Foundation website: http://bit.ly/2ndmvFA
Shadyab, A. H., Macera, C. A., Shaffer, R. A., Jain, S., Gallo, L. C., LaMonte, M. J., . . . & Manini, T. M. (2017).
Associations of accelerometer-measured and self-reported sedentary time with leukocyte telomere length in older
women. American Journal of Epidemiology, 185(3), 172.184–
Sheldon, K. M., Jose, P. E., Kashdan, T. B., & Jarden, A. (2015). Personality, effective goal -striving, and enhanced
well-being: Comparing 10 candidate personality strengths. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.
doi:10.1177/0146167215573211
Shoji, K., Cieslak, R., Smoktunowicz, E., Rogala, A., Benight, C. C., & Luszczynska, A. (2016). Associations between
job burnout and self-efficacy: a meta-analysis. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping: An International Journal, 29(4), 367.386–
Sibley, B. A., & Etnier, J. L. (2003). The relationship between physical activity and cognition in children: A meta –
analysis. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(3), 243.256–
Simonton, D. K. (1988). Creativity, leadership, and chance. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), The nature of creativity:
Contemporary psychological perspectives (pp. 386 .)426–New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Sparling, P. B., Giuffrida, A., Piomelli, D., Rosskopf, L., & Dietrich, A. (2003). Exercise activates the
endocannabinoid system. Neuroreport, 14(17), 2209-2211.
Spelke, Elizabeth S. (2005). Sex differences in intrinsic aptitude for mathematics and science? A critical review.
American Psychologist, 60(9.958–۹۵۰ ,)
Stajkovic, A. D., & Luthans, F. (1998). Self-efficacy and work-related performance: A meta-analysis.
Psychological Bulletin, 124(2), 240.261–

Stavrou, N. A., Jackson, S. A., Zervos, Y., Karterolliotis, K. (2007). Flow experience and athletes ’performance
with reference to the orthogonal model of flow. Sport Psychologist, 21, 438.457–
Staw, B. M., & Barsade, S. G. (1993). Affect and managerial performance: A test of the sadder-but-wiser vs.
happier-and-smarter hypothesis. Administrative Science Quarterly, 38(2), 304.331–
Steger, M. F., Frazier, P., Oishi, S., & Kaler, M. (2006). The meaning in life questionnaire: Assessing the presence of
and search for meaning in life. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53(1), 80.
Sternberg, R. J. (1999). Handbook of creativity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Sternberg, R. J., & Frensch, P. A. (1992). On being an expert: A cost-benefit analysis. In R. R. Hoffman (Ed.), The
psychology of expertise: Cognitive research and empirical AI (pp. 191 .)203–New York, NY: Springer.
Sternberg, R. J., & Grigorenko, E. L. (2003). The psychology of abilities, competencies, and expertise. Cambridge,
UK: Cambridge University Press.
Stevenson, B., & Wolfers, J. (2013). Subjective well-being and income: Is there any evidence of satiation?
American Economic Review, 103(3), 598.604–
Stillman, T. F., Baumeister, R. F., Lambert, N. M., Crescioni, A. W., DeWall, C. N., & Fincham, F. D. (2009). Alone
and without purpose: Life loses meaning following social exclusion. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 4 5(4),
686.694–
Strauss, J., & Thomas, D. (1998). Health, nutrition, and economic development. Journal of Economic Literature,
36(2), 766.817–
Sulsky, L. M. (1999). Commitment in the workplace: Theory, research, and application. [Review of the book
Commitment in the workplace: Theory, research, and application, by J. P. Meyer & N. J. Allen.] Canadian Psychology,
40(4.385–۳۸۳ ,)
Sun, J., Kaufman, S. B., & Smillie, L. D. (2017). Unique associations between big five personality aspects and
multiple dimensions of well-being. Journal of Personality. doi:10.1111/jopy.12301
Sy, T., Cote, S., & Saavedra, R. (2005). The contagious leader: Impact of the leader’s mood on the mood of group
members, group affective tone, and group process. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(2), 295.305–
Tafet, G. E., Idoyaga-Vargas, V. P., Abulafia, D. P., Calandria, J. M., Roffman, S. S., Chiovetta, A., & Shinitzky, M.
(2001). Correlation between cortisol level and serotonin uptake in patients with chronic stress and depression.
Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 1(4), 388.393–
Tangney, J. P., Baumeister ,R. F., & Boone A. L. (2004). High self-control predicts good adjustment, less
pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success. Journal of Personality, 72(2), 271.324–
Tedeschi, R. G., & Calhoun L. G. (2004). Posttraumatic growth: Conceptual foundations and empirical evidence.
Psychological Inquiry, 15(1), 1.18–
Teixeira, P. J., Carra
ça ,E. V., Marques, M. M., Rutter, H., Oppert, J. M., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., . . . & Brug, J . (2015).
Successful behavior change in obesity interventions in adults: A systematic review of self-regulation mediators.
BMC Medicine, 13(1), 84.
Tenenbaum, G., Yuval, R., Elbaz, G., Bar-Eli, M., & Weinberg, R. (1993). The relationship between cognitive
characteristics and decision making. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 18(1), 48.62–
Tetlock, P. E. (1992). The impact of accountability on judgment and choice: Toward a social contingency model.
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 25, 331.376–
Thomas, D., & Frankenberg, E. (2002). Health, nutrition and prosperity: A microeconomic perspective. Bulletin of
the World Health Organization, 80(2), 106.113–

Thompson, C. A., & Prottas, D. J. (2006). Relationships among organizational family support, job autonomy,
perceived control, and employee well-being. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 11(1), 100.
Tognatta, N., Valerio, A., & Sanchez Puerta, M. L. (2016). Do cognitive and noncognitive skills explain the gender
wage gap in middle-income countries? An analysis using STEP data. (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No.
7878.) Retrieved from SSRN website: http://bit.ly/2nehVaf
Tomporowski, P. D. (2003). Effects of acute bouts of exercise on cognition. Acta Psychologica, 112(3), 297 .324–
Torrance, E. P. (1983) .The importance of falling in love with “something. ”Creative Child & Adult Quarterly, 8(2):
72.78–
Tracy, J. L., Cheng J. T., Robins, R. W., & Trzesniewski, K. H. (2009). Authentic and hubristic pride: The affective
core of self-esteem and narcissism. Self and Identity 8(2.213–۱۹۶ ,)۳–
Treffert, D. A. (2010). Islands of genius: The bountiful mind of the autistic, acquired and sudden savant. London,
UK: Jessica Kingsley.
Treffert, D. A. (2014). Accidental genius. Scientific American, 311(2), 52.57–
Trougakos, J. P., & Hideg, I. (2009). Momentary work recovery: The role of within-day work breaks. In P. Perrew
é,
D. Ganster, & S. Sonnentag (Eds.), Research in occupational stress and wellbeing (Vol. 7, pp. 37 .)84–West Yorkshire,
UK: Emerald Group.
Trougakos, J. P., Beal, D. J., Green, S. G., & Weiss, H. M. (2008). Making the break count: An episodic examination
of recovery activities, emotional experiences, and positive affective displays. Academy of Management Journal,
51(1), 131.146–
Trougakos, J. P., Hideg, I., Cheng, B. H., & Beal, D. J. (2014). Lunch breaks unpacked: The role of autonomy as a
moderator of recovery during lunch. Academy of Management Journal, 57(2), 405.421–
US Department of Labor (2016, February 25). Volunteering in the United States, 2015. [News release.] Retrieved
from https://www.bls.gov/news.release/volun.nr0.htm
Vaeyens, R., Lenoir, M., Williams, A. M., & Philippaerts, R. M. (2008). Talent identification and development
programmes in sport. Sports Medicine, 38(9), 703.714–
Valentine, E. R., & Sweet, P. L. (1999). Meditation and attention: A comparison of the effects of concentrative
and mindfulness meditation on sustained attention. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 2(1), 59.70–
Wan, C. Y., & Huon, G. F. (2005). Performance degradation under pressure in music: An examination of
attentional processes. Psychology of Music, 33(2), 155.172–
Wand, B. (1956). Hume’s account of obligation. The Philosophical Quarterly (1950.168–۱۵۵ ,)۲۳(۶ ,)–
Wang, G. J., Volkow, N. D., Logan, J., Pappas, N. R., Wong, C. T., Zhu, W., . . . & Fowler, J. S. (2001). Brain dopamine
and obesity. The Lancet, 357(9253), 354.357–
Weaver, K., Garcia, S. M., Schwarz, N., & Miller, D. T. (2007). Inferring the popularity of an opinion from its
familiarity: A repetitive voice can sound like a chorus. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.821 ,)5(92 ,
Weldon, E., & Weingart, L. R. (1993). Group goals and group performance. British Journal of Social Psychology,
32(4), 307.334–
Weldon, E., Jehn, K. A., & Pradhan, P. (1991). Processes that mediate the relationship between a group goal and
improved group performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61(4), 555.
Whittaker, S., Matthews, T., Cerruti, J., Badenes, H., & Tang, J. (2011, May). Am I wasting my time organizing email?
A study of email refinding. In Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 276 .)283–
Retrieved from http://bit.ly/2nkpdGq

Wigfield, A., & Eccles, J. (2002). The development of competence belie fs, expectancies for success, and
achievement values from childhood through adolescence. In A. Wigfield & J. Eccles (Eds.), Development of
achievement motivation (pp. 91 .)120–San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Wood, R., & Locke, E. (1990). Goal setting and strategy effects on complex tasks. In B. Staw & L. Cummings
(Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (Vol. 12, pp. 73 .)109–Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Woodard, R. W., Pury, C. L. S. (2013). The construct of courage: Categorization management. Consulting
Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, Vol 59, (2), 147-135
Wright, J. C., Nadelhoffer, T., Perini, T., Langville, A., Echols, M., & Venezia, K. (2017). The psychological significance
of humility. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 12(1), 3.12–
Wright, T. A., & Cropanzano, R. (2000). Psychological well-being and job satisfaction as predictors of job
performance. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(1), 84.
Wrzesniewski, A. (2003). Finding positive meaning in work. In K. S. Cameron, J. E. Dutton, & R. E. Quinn (Eds.),
Positive organizational scholarship: Foundations of a new discipline (pp. 296 .)308–San Francisco, CA: BerrettKoehler.
Young, W. T. (1971). The role of musical aptitude, intelligence, and academic achievement in predicting the musica l
attainment of elementary instrumental music students. Journal of Research in Music Education, 19(4), 385 .398–
Yousef, D. A. (1998). Satisfaction with job security as a predictor of organizational commitment and job
performance in a multicultural environment. International Journal of Manpower, 19(3), 184.194–
Yu, R. (2014). Choking under pressure: The neuropsychological mechanisms of incentive -induced performance
decrements. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 9, 19.19–